ALMA [CII] 158um imaging of an HI-Selected Major Merger at z~4. (arXiv:2005.10279v1 [astro-ph.GA])

ALMA [CII] 158um imaging of an HI-Selected Major Merger at z~4. (arXiv:2005.10279v1 [astro-ph.GA])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Prochaska_J/0/1/0/all/0/1">J. Xavier Prochaska</a> (1,2), <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Neeleman_M/0/1/0/all/0/1">Marcel Neeleman</a> (3), <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Kanekar_N/0/1/0/all/0/1">Nissim Kanekar</a> (4), <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Rafelski_M/0/1/0/all/0/1">Marc Rafelski</a> (5) ((1) UC Santa Cruz, (2) Kavli/IPMU, (3) MPIA, (4) NCRA, (5) STScI)

We present high spatial-resolution (~2kpc) Atacama Large
Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of [CII] 158um and
dust-continuum emission from a galaxy at z=3.7978 selected by its strong HI
absorption (a damped Lya absorber, DLA) against a background QSO. Our ALMA
images reveal a pair of star-forming galaxies separated by ~6kpc (projected)
undergoing a major merger. Between these galaxies is a third emission component
with highly elevated (2x) [CII] 158um emission relative to the dust continuum,
which is likely to arise from stripped gas associated with the merger. This
merger of two otherwise-normal galaxies is not accompanied by enhanced
star-formation, contrary to mergers detected in most luminosity-selected
samples. The DLA associated with the merger exhibits extreme kinematics, with a
velocity width for the low-ionization metal lines of Dv90~470km/s that spans
the velocity spread revealed in the [CII] 158um emission. We propose that DLAs
with high Dv90 values are a signpost of major mergers in normal galaxies at
high redshifts, and use the distribution of the velocity widths of metal lines
in high-z DLAs to provide a rough estimate the fraction of z>3 galaxies that
are undergoing a major merger.

We present high spatial-resolution (~2kpc) Atacama Large
Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of [CII] 158um and
dust-continuum emission from a galaxy at z=3.7978 selected by its strong HI
absorption (a damped Lya absorber, DLA) against a background QSO. Our ALMA
images reveal a pair of star-forming galaxies separated by ~6kpc (projected)
undergoing a major merger. Between these galaxies is a third emission component
with highly elevated (2x) [CII] 158um emission relative to the dust continuum,
which is likely to arise from stripped gas associated with the merger. This
merger of two otherwise-normal galaxies is not accompanied by enhanced
star-formation, contrary to mergers detected in most luminosity-selected
samples. The DLA associated with the merger exhibits extreme kinematics, with a
velocity width for the low-ionization metal lines of Dv90~470km/s that spans
the velocity spread revealed in the [CII] 158um emission. We propose that DLAs
with high Dv90 values are a signpost of major mergers in normal galaxies at
high redshifts, and use the distribution of the velocity widths of metal lines
in high-z DLAs to provide a rough estimate the fraction of z>3 galaxies that
are undergoing a major merger.

http://arxiv.org/icons/sfx.gif

Comments are closed.