The morphology of star-forming gas and its alignment with galaxies and dark matter haloes in the EAGLE simulations. (arXiv:2102.13603v1 [astro-ph.GA])

The morphology of star-forming gas and its alignment with galaxies and dark matter haloes in the EAGLE simulations. (arXiv:2102.13603v1 [astro-ph.GA])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Hill_A/0/1/0/all/0/1">Alexander D. Hill</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Crain_R/0/1/0/all/0/1">Robert A. Crain</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Kwan_J/0/1/0/all/0/1">Juliana Kwan</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+McCarthy_I/0/1/0/all/0/1">Ian G. McCarthy</a>

We present measurements of the morphology of star-forming gas in galaxies
from the EAGLE simulations, and its alignment relative to stars and dark matter
(DM). Imaging of such gas in the radio continuum enables weak lensing
experiments that complement traditional optical approaches. Star-forming gas is
typically more flattened than its associated stars and DM, particularly for
present-day subhaloes of total mass $sim$$10^{ 12-12.5} mathrm{M_{ odot}}$,
which preferentially host star-forming galaxies with rotationally-supported
stellar discs. Such systems have oblate, spheroidal star-forming gas
distributions, but in both less- and more-massive subhaloes the distributions
tend to be prolate, and its morphology correlates positively and significantly
with that of its host galaxy’s stars, both in terms of sphericity and
triaxiality. The minor axis of star-forming gas most commonly aligns with the
minor axis of its host subhalo’s DM, but often aligns more closely with one of
the other two principal axes of the DM distribution in prolate subhaloes.
Star-forming gas aligns with DM less strongly than is the case for stars, but
its morphological minor axis aligns closely with its kinematic axis, affording
a route to observational identification of the unsheared morphological axis.
The projected ellipticities of star-forming gas in EAGLE are consistent with
shapes inferred from high-fidelity radio continuum images, and they exhibit
greater shape noise than is the case for images of the stars, owing to the
greater characteristic flattening of star-forming gas with respect to stars.

We present measurements of the morphology of star-forming gas in galaxies
from the EAGLE simulations, and its alignment relative to stars and dark matter
(DM). Imaging of such gas in the radio continuum enables weak lensing
experiments that complement traditional optical approaches. Star-forming gas is
typically more flattened than its associated stars and DM, particularly for
present-day subhaloes of total mass $sim$$10^{ 12-12.5} mathrm{M_{ odot}}$,
which preferentially host star-forming galaxies with rotationally-supported
stellar discs. Such systems have oblate, spheroidal star-forming gas
distributions, but in both less- and more-massive subhaloes the distributions
tend to be prolate, and its morphology correlates positively and significantly
with that of its host galaxy’s stars, both in terms of sphericity and
triaxiality. The minor axis of star-forming gas most commonly aligns with the
minor axis of its host subhalo’s DM, but often aligns more closely with one of
the other two principal axes of the DM distribution in prolate subhaloes.
Star-forming gas aligns with DM less strongly than is the case for stars, but
its morphological minor axis aligns closely with its kinematic axis, affording
a route to observational identification of the unsheared morphological axis.
The projected ellipticities of star-forming gas in EAGLE are consistent with
shapes inferred from high-fidelity radio continuum images, and they exhibit
greater shape noise than is the case for images of the stars, owing to the
greater characteristic flattening of star-forming gas with respect to stars.

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