The MillenniumTNG Project: Impact of massive neutrinos on the cosmic large-scale structure and the distribution of galaxies

C’esar Hern’andez-Aguayo, Volker Springel, Sownak Bose, Carlos Frenk, Adrian Jenkins, Monica Barrera, Fulvio Ferlito, R"udiger Pakmor, Simon D. M. White, Lars Hernquist, Ana Maria Delgado, Rahul Kannan, Boryana Hadzhiyska

arXiv:2407.21103v1 Announce Type: new

Abstract: We discuss the cold dark matter plus massive neutrinos simulations of the MillenniumTNG (MTNG) project, which aim to improve understanding of how well ongoing and future large-scale galaxy surveys will measure neutrino masses. Our largest simulations, $3000,{rm Mpc}$ on a side, use $10240^3$ particles of mass $m_{p} = 6.66times 10^{8},h^{-1}{rm M}_odot$ to represent cold dark matter, and $2560^3$ to represent a population of neutrinos with summed mass $M_nu = 100,{rm meV}$. Smaller volume runs with $sim 630,{rm Mpc}$ also include cases with $M_nu = 0,textrm{and}, 300,{rm meV}$. All simulations are carried out twice using the paired-and-fixed technique for cosmic variance reduction. We evolve the neutrino component using the particle-based $delta f$ importance sampling method, which greatly reduces shot noise in the neutrino density field. In addition, we modify the GADGET-4 code to account both for the influence of relativistic and mildly relativistic components on the expansion rate and for non-Newtonian effects on the largest represented simulation scales. This allows us to quantify accurately the impact of neutrinos on basic statistical measures of nonlinear structure formation, such as the matter power spectrum and the halo mass function. We use semi-analytic models of galaxy formation to predict the galaxy population and its clustering properties as a function of summed neutrino mass, finding significant ($sim 10%$) impacts on the cosmic star formation rate history, the galaxy mass function, and the clustering strength. This offers the prospect of identifying combinations of summary statistics that are optimally sensitive to the neutrino mass.arXiv:2407.21103v1 Announce Type: new

Abstract: We discuss the cold dark matter plus massive neutrinos simulations of the MillenniumTNG (MTNG) project, which aim to improve understanding of how well ongoing and future large-scale galaxy surveys will measure neutrino masses. Our largest simulations, $3000,{rm Mpc}$ on a side, use $10240^3$ particles of mass $m_{p} = 6.66times 10^{8},h^{-1}{rm M}_odot$ to represent cold dark matter, and $2560^3$ to represent a population of neutrinos with summed mass $M_nu = 100,{rm meV}$. Smaller volume runs with $sim 630,{rm Mpc}$ also include cases with $M_nu = 0,textrm{and}, 300,{rm meV}$. All simulations are carried out twice using the paired-and-fixed technique for cosmic variance reduction. We evolve the neutrino component using the particle-based $delta f$ importance sampling method, which greatly reduces shot noise in the neutrino density field. In addition, we modify the GADGET-4 code to account both for the influence of relativistic and mildly relativistic components on the expansion rate and for non-Newtonian effects on the largest represented simulation scales. This allows us to quantify accurately the impact of neutrinos on basic statistical measures of nonlinear structure formation, such as the matter power spectrum and the halo mass function. We use semi-analytic models of galaxy formation to predict the galaxy population and its clustering properties as a function of summed neutrino mass, finding significant ($sim 10%$) impacts on the cosmic star formation rate history, the galaxy mass function, and the clustering strength. This offers the prospect of identifying combinations of summary statistics that are optimally sensitive to the neutrino mass.

2024-08-01

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