The Evolution Of The Inner Regions of Protoplanetary Disks. (arXiv:2004.02916v1 [astro-ph.SR])

The Evolution Of The Inner Regions of Protoplanetary Disks. (arXiv:2004.02916v1 [astro-ph.SR])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Manzo_Martinez_E/0/1/0/all/0/1">Ezequiel Manzo-Mart&#xed;nez</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Calvet_N/0/1/0/all/0/1">Nuria Calvet</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Hernandez_J/0/1/0/all/0/1">Jes&#xfa;s Hern&#xe1;ndez</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Lizano_S/0/1/0/all/0/1">Susana Lizano</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Hernandez_R/0/1/0/all/0/1">Ramiro Franco Hern&#xe1;ndez</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Miller_C/0/1/0/all/0/1">Christopher J. Miller</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Mauco_K/0/1/0/all/0/1">Karina Mauc&#xf3;</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Briceno_C/0/1/0/all/0/1">C&#xe9;sar Brice&#xf1;o</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+DAlessio_P/0/1/0/all/0/1">Paola D&#x27;Alessio</a>

We present a study of the evolution of the inner few astronomical units of
protoplanetary disks around low-mass stars. We consider nearby stellar groups
with ages spanning from 1 to 11 Myr, distributed into four age bins. Combining
PANSTARSS photometry with spectral types, we derive the reddening consistently
for each star, which we use (1) to measure the excess emission above the
photosphere with a new indicator of IR excess and (2) to estimate the mass
accretion rate ($dot{M}$) from the equivalent width of the H$alpha$ line.
Using the observed decay of $dot{M}$ as a constrain to fix the initial
conditions and the viscosity parameter of viscous evolutionary models, we use
approximate Bayesian modeling to infer the dust properties that produce the
observed decrease of the IR excess with age, in the range between 4.5 and
$24,mu$m. We calculate an extensive grid of irradiated disk models with a
two-layered wall to emulate a curved dust inner edge and obtain the vertical
structure consistent with the surface density predicted by viscous evolution.
We find that the median dust depletion in the disk upper layers is $epsilon
sim 3 times 10^{-3}$ at 1.5 Myr, consistent with previous studies, and it
decreases to $epsilon sim 3 times 10^{-4}$ by 7.5 Myr. We include
photoevaporation in a simple model of the disk evolution and find that a
photoevaporative wind mass-loss rate of $sim 1 -3 times 10 ^{-9} ,
M_{odot}yr^{-1}$ agrees with the decrease of the disk fraction with age
reasonably well. The models show the inward evolution of the H$_2$O and CO
snowlines.

We present a study of the evolution of the inner few astronomical units of
protoplanetary disks around low-mass stars. We consider nearby stellar groups
with ages spanning from 1 to 11 Myr, distributed into four age bins. Combining
PANSTARSS photometry with spectral types, we derive the reddening consistently
for each star, which we use (1) to measure the excess emission above the
photosphere with a new indicator of IR excess and (2) to estimate the mass
accretion rate ($dot{M}$) from the equivalent width of the H$alpha$ line.
Using the observed decay of $dot{M}$ as a constrain to fix the initial
conditions and the viscosity parameter of viscous evolutionary models, we use
approximate Bayesian modeling to infer the dust properties that produce the
observed decrease of the IR excess with age, in the range between 4.5 and
$24,mu$m. We calculate an extensive grid of irradiated disk models with a
two-layered wall to emulate a curved dust inner edge and obtain the vertical
structure consistent with the surface density predicted by viscous evolution.
We find that the median dust depletion in the disk upper layers is $epsilon
sim 3 times 10^{-3}$ at 1.5 Myr, consistent with previous studies, and it
decreases to $epsilon sim 3 times 10^{-4}$ by 7.5 Myr. We include
photoevaporation in a simple model of the disk evolution and find that a
photoevaporative wind mass-loss rate of $sim 1 -3 times 10 ^{-9} ,
M_{odot}yr^{-1}$ agrees with the decrease of the disk fraction with age
reasonably well. The models show the inward evolution of the H$_2$O and CO
snowlines.

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