Observational constraints on Barrow holographic dark energy. (arXiv:2005.10302v1 [gr-qc])

Observational constraints on Barrow holographic dark energy. (arXiv:2005.10302v1 [gr-qc])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/gr-qc/1/au:+Anagnostopoulos_F/0/1/0/all/0/1">Fotios K. Anagnostopoulos</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/gr-qc/1/au:+Basilakos_S/0/1/0/all/0/1">Spyros Basilakos</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/gr-qc/1/au:+Saridakis_E/0/1/0/all/0/1">Emmanuel N. Saridakis</a>

We use observational data from Supernovae (SNIa) Pantheon sample, as well as
from direct measurements of the Hubble parameter from the cosmic chronometers
(CC) sample, in order to extract constraints on the scenario of Barrow
holographic dark energy. The latter is a holographic dark energy model based on
the recently proposed Barrow entropy, which arises from the modification of the
black-hole surface due to quantum-gravitational effects. We first consider the
case where the new deformation exponent $Delta$ is the sole model parameter,
and we show that although the standard value $Delta=0$, which corresponds to
zero deformation, lies within the 2$sigma$ region, a deviation is favored. In
the case where we let both $Delta$ and the second model parameter to be free
we find that a deviation from standard holographic dark energy is clearly
preferred. Additionally, applying the Akaike and Bayesian Information Criteria,
we conclude that the one-parameter model is statistically compatible with
$Lambda$CDM paradigm, and preferred comparing to the two-parameter one.
Finally, concerning the present value of the Hubble parameter we find that it
is close to the Planck value.

We use observational data from Supernovae (SNIa) Pantheon sample, as well as
from direct measurements of the Hubble parameter from the cosmic chronometers
(CC) sample, in order to extract constraints on the scenario of Barrow
holographic dark energy. The latter is a holographic dark energy model based on
the recently proposed Barrow entropy, which arises from the modification of the
black-hole surface due to quantum-gravitational effects. We first consider the
case where the new deformation exponent $Delta$ is the sole model parameter,
and we show that although the standard value $Delta=0$, which corresponds to
zero deformation, lies within the 2$sigma$ region, a deviation is favored. In
the case where we let both $Delta$ and the second model parameter to be free
we find that a deviation from standard holographic dark energy is clearly
preferred. Additionally, applying the Akaike and Bayesian Information Criteria,
we conclude that the one-parameter model is statistically compatible with
$Lambda$CDM paradigm, and preferred comparing to the two-parameter one.
Finally, concerning the present value of the Hubble parameter we find that it
is close to the Planck value.

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