MANTA-Ray: Supercharging Speeds for Calculating the Optical Properties of Fractal Aggregates in the Long-Wavelength Limit

M. G. Lodge, H. R. Wakeford, Z. M. Leinhardt

arXiv:2410.21400v1 Announce Type: new

Abstract: Correctly modelling the absorptive properties of dust and haze particles is of great importance for determining the abundance of solid matter within protoplanetary disks and planetary atmospheres. Rigorous analyses such as the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) can be used to obtain accurate absorption cross-sections, but these require significant computing time and are often impractical to use in models. A simple analytical equation exists for spherical particles in the long-wavelength limit (where the wavelength is much larger than the size of the dust particle), but we demonstrate that this can significantly underestimate the absorption. This effect is found to depend strongly on refractive index, with values of m = 1 + 11i corresponding to an underestimate in absorption by a factor of 1,000. Here we present MANTA-Ray (Modified Absorption of Non-spherical Tiny Aggregates in the RAYleigh regime): a simple model that can calculate absorption efficiencies within 10-20% of the values predicted by DDA, but 10^(13) times faster. MANTA-Ray is very versatile and works for any wavelength and particle size in the long wavelength regime. It is also very flexible with regards to particle shape, and can correctly model structures ranging from long linear chains to tight compact clusters, composed of any material with refractive index 1+0.01i arXiv:2410.21400v1 Announce Type: new

Abstract: Correctly modelling the absorptive properties of dust and haze particles is of great importance for determining the abundance of solid matter within protoplanetary disks and planetary atmospheres. Rigorous analyses such as the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) can be used to obtain accurate absorption cross-sections, but these require significant computing time and are often impractical to use in models. A simple analytical equation exists for spherical particles in the long-wavelength limit (where the wavelength is much larger than the size of the dust particle), but we demonstrate that this can significantly underestimate the absorption. This effect is found to depend strongly on refractive index, with values of m = 1 + 11i corresponding to an underestimate in absorption by a factor of 1,000. Here we present MANTA-Ray (Modified Absorption of Non-spherical Tiny Aggregates in the RAYleigh regime): a simple model that can calculate absorption efficiencies within 10-20% of the values predicted by DDA, but 10^(13) times faster. MANTA-Ray is very versatile and works for any wavelength and particle size in the long wavelength regime. It is also very flexible with regards to particle shape, and can correctly model structures ranging from long linear chains to tight compact clusters, composed of any material with refractive index 1+0.01i

2024-10-30

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