Comparison of Modeling SPARC spiral galaxies’ rotation curves: halo models vs MOND. (arXiv:2008.04795v1 [astro-ph.GA])

Comparison of Modeling SPARC spiral galaxies’ rotation curves: halo models vs MOND. (arXiv:2008.04795v1 [astro-ph.GA])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Wang_L/0/1/0/all/0/1">Lin Wang</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Chen_D/0/1/0/all/0/1">Da-Ming Chen</a>

We investigate a sub-sample of the rotation curves consisting of 45 HSB
non-bulgy spiral galaxies selected from SPARC (Spitzer Photometry and Accurate
Rotation Curves) database by using two dark halo models (NFW and Burkert) and
MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) theory. Among these three models, the
core-dominated Burkert halo model provides a better description of the observed
data ($chi_{nu}^2$ = 0.33) than Navarro, Frenk and White (NFW,
$chi_{nu}^2$= 0.45) and MOND model ($chi_{nu}^2$ = 0.58). So our results
show that, for dark halo models, the selected 45 HSB non-bulgy spiral galaxies
prefer a cored density profile to the cuspy one (NFW);

We also positively find that there is a correlation between $rho_0$ and
$r_0$ in Burkert model.

For MOND fits, when we take $a_0$ as a free parameter, there is no obvious
correlation between $a_0$ and disk central surface brightness at 3.6 $mu m$ of
these HSB spiral galaxies, which is in line with the basic assumption of MOND
that $a_0$ should be a universal constant.

Interestingly, our fittings gives $a_0$ an average value of $(0.74 pm 0.45)
times 10^{- 8}rm {cm s^{- 2}}$ if we exclude the three highest values in the
sample, which is smaller than the standard value ($1.21 times 10^{-8}rm {cm
s^{- 2}}$).

We investigate a sub-sample of the rotation curves consisting of 45 HSB
non-bulgy spiral galaxies selected from SPARC (Spitzer Photometry and Accurate
Rotation Curves) database by using two dark halo models (NFW and Burkert) and
MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) theory. Among these three models, the
core-dominated Burkert halo model provides a better description of the observed
data ($chi_{nu}^2$ = 0.33) than Navarro, Frenk and White (NFW,
$chi_{nu}^2$= 0.45) and MOND model ($chi_{nu}^2$ = 0.58). So our results
show that, for dark halo models, the selected 45 HSB non-bulgy spiral galaxies
prefer a cored density profile to the cuspy one (NFW);

We also positively find that there is a correlation between $rho_0$ and
$r_0$ in Burkert model.

For MOND fits, when we take $a_0$ as a free parameter, there is no obvious
correlation between $a_0$ and disk central surface brightness at 3.6 $mu m$ of
these HSB spiral galaxies, which is in line with the basic assumption of MOND
that $a_0$ should be a universal constant.

Interestingly, our fittings gives $a_0$ an average value of $(0.74 pm 0.45)
times 10^{- 8}rm {cm s^{- 2}}$ if we exclude the three highest values in the
sample, which is smaller than the standard value ($1.21 times 10^{-8}rm {cm
s^{- 2}}$).

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