## Kibble mechanism for electroweak magnetic monopoles and magnetic fields. (arXiv:2108.05357v5 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

Kibble mechanism for electroweak magnetic monopoles and magnetic fields. (arXiv:2108.05357v5 [hep-ph] UPDATED) <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/hep-ph/1/au:+Patel_T/0/1/0/all/0/1">Teerthal Patel</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/hep-ph/1/au:+Vachaspati_T/0/1/0/all/0/1">Tanmay Vachaspati</a> The vacuum manifold of the standard electroweak model is a three-sphere when one considers homogeneous Higgs field configurations. For inhomogeneous configurations we argue that the vacuum manifold is the Hopf fibered three sphere and that this viewpoint leads to general criteria to detect electroweak monopoles and Z-strings. We extend the Kibble mechanism to study the formation of electroweak monopoles and strings during electroweak symmetry breaking. The distribution of magnetic monopoles produces magnetic fields that have a spectrum $B_lambda propto lambda^{-2}$, where $lambda$ is a smearing length scale.Read More →