Ontological Categorizations and Selection Biases in Cosmology: the case of Extra Galactic Objects. (arXiv:2008.04746v1 [astro-ph.HE])

Ontological Categorizations and Selection Biases in Cosmology: the case of Extra Galactic Objects. (arXiv:2008.04746v1 [astro-ph.HE])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Valore_P/0/1/0/all/0/1">Paolo Valore</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Dainotti_M/0/1/0/all/0/1">Maria Giovanna Dainotti</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Kopczynski_O/0/1/0/all/0/1">Oskar Kopczy&#x144;ski</a>

One of the innovative approaches in contemporary philosophical ontology
consists in the assumption of a plurality of ontologies based on different
metaphysical presuppositions. Such presuppositions involve, among others, the
identification of relevant properties for the objects of our domain as a
guiding principle in uncovering what it is to be considered intrinsic and what
could be the mere effect of selection preferences based on objective or
subjective criteria. A remarkable example of the application of a background
metaphysical theory in astrophysics is the problem of selection biases in
detecting cosmological objects, such as supernovae, galaxies and gamma-ray
bursts. We will show that it is valuable to be aware of the importance of
uncovering this type of background theory to better understand selection
effects and to promote a novel approach in scientific research.

One of the innovative approaches in contemporary philosophical ontology
consists in the assumption of a plurality of ontologies based on different
metaphysical presuppositions. Such presuppositions involve, among others, the
identification of relevant properties for the objects of our domain as a
guiding principle in uncovering what it is to be considered intrinsic and what
could be the mere effect of selection preferences based on objective or
subjective criteria. A remarkable example of the application of a background
metaphysical theory in astrophysics is the problem of selection biases in
detecting cosmological objects, such as supernovae, galaxies and gamma-ray
bursts. We will show that it is valuable to be aware of the importance of
uncovering this type of background theory to better understand selection
effects and to promote a novel approach in scientific research.

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