Direct Measurement of Upward-going Ultrahigh Energy Dark Matter at the Pierre Auger Observatory. (arXiv:1910.11158v4 [astro-ph.HE] UPDATED)

Direct Measurement of Upward-going Ultrahigh Energy Dark Matter at the Pierre Auger Observatory. (arXiv:1910.11158v4 [astro-ph.HE] UPDATED)
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Xu_Y/0/1/0/all/0/1">Ye Xu</a>

In the present paper, it is assumed that there exist two dark matter
particles: superheavy dark matter particles (SHDM), whose mass $sim$ inflaton
mass, and light fermion dark matter (DM) particles which are the ultrahigh
energy (UHE) products of its decay. The Earth will be taken as a detector to
directly search for the UHE DM particles. These upward-going particles, which
pass through the Earth and air and interact with nuclei, can be detected by the
fluorescence detectors (FD) of the Pierre Auger observatory (Auger), via
fluorescent photons due to the development of an EAS. The numbers and fluxes of
expected UHE DM particles are evaluated in the incoming energy range between 1
EeV and 1 ZeV with the different lifetimes of decay of SHDM and mass of
$Z^{prime}$. According to the Auger data from 2008 to 2019, the upper limit
for UHE DM fluxes is estimated at 90% C.L. with the FD of Auger. UHE DM
particles could be directly detected in the energy range between O(1EeV) and
O(10EeV) with the FD of Auger. Thus this might prove whether there exist SHDM
particles in the Universe.

In the present paper, it is assumed that there exist two dark matter
particles: superheavy dark matter particles (SHDM), whose mass $sim$ inflaton
mass, and light fermion dark matter (DM) particles which are the ultrahigh
energy (UHE) products of its decay. The Earth will be taken as a detector to
directly search for the UHE DM particles. These upward-going particles, which
pass through the Earth and air and interact with nuclei, can be detected by the
fluorescence detectors (FD) of the Pierre Auger observatory (Auger), via
fluorescent photons due to the development of an EAS. The numbers and fluxes of
expected UHE DM particles are evaluated in the incoming energy range between 1
EeV and 1 ZeV with the different lifetimes of decay of SHDM and mass of
$Z^{prime}$. According to the Auger data from 2008 to 2019, the upper limit
for UHE DM fluxes is estimated at 90% C.L. with the FD of Auger. UHE DM
particles could be directly detected in the energy range between O(1EeV) and
O(10EeV) with the FD of Auger. Thus this might prove whether there exist SHDM
particles in the Universe.

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