Neutron Star Mergers and How to Study Them. (arXiv:1909.06085v1 [astro-ph.HE])

Neutron Star Mergers and How to Study Them. (arXiv:1909.06085v1 [astro-ph.HE])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Burns_E/0/1/0/all/0/1">Eric Burns</a>

Neutron star mergers are the canonical multimessenger events: they have been
observed through photons for half a century, through gravitational waves since
2017, and are thought to be sources of neutrinos and cosmic rays. Studies of
these events enable unique insights into astrophysics, particles in the
ultrarelativistic regime, the heavy element enrichment history through cosmic
time, cosmology, dense matter, and fundamental physics. Uncovering this science
requires vast observational resources, unparalleled coordination, and
advancements in theory and simulation, which are constrained by our current
understanding of nuclear, atomic, and astroparticle physics. This article is an
attempt at a phenomenological prescription for science with neutron star
mergers. We provide rough estimates on the detection rates of these events
through various signals over the next decade. We summarize, develop, and
quantify the future science that neutron star mergers enable and discuss the
necessary capabilities to fully utilize these enigmatic sources to understand
our universe.

Neutron star mergers are the canonical multimessenger events: they have been
observed through photons for half a century, through gravitational waves since
2017, and are thought to be sources of neutrinos and cosmic rays. Studies of
these events enable unique insights into astrophysics, particles in the
ultrarelativistic regime, the heavy element enrichment history through cosmic
time, cosmology, dense matter, and fundamental physics. Uncovering this science
requires vast observational resources, unparalleled coordination, and
advancements in theory and simulation, which are constrained by our current
understanding of nuclear, atomic, and astroparticle physics. This article is an
attempt at a phenomenological prescription for science with neutron star
mergers. We provide rough estimates on the detection rates of these events
through various signals over the next decade. We summarize, develop, and
quantify the future science that neutron star mergers enable and discuss the
necessary capabilities to fully utilize these enigmatic sources to understand
our universe.

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