First Light of Engineered Diffusers at the Nordic Optical Telescope Reveal Time Variability in the Optical Eclipse Depth of WASP-12b. (arXiv:1904.05362v1 [astro-ph.EP])

First Light of Engineered Diffusers at the Nordic Optical Telescope Reveal Time Variability in the Optical Eclipse Depth of WASP-12b. (arXiv:1904.05362v1 [astro-ph.EP])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Essen_C/0/1/0/all/0/1">C. von Essen</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Stefansson_G/0/1/0/all/0/1">G. Stefansson</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Mallonn_M/0/1/0/all/0/1">M. Mallonn</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Pursimo_T/0/1/0/all/0/1">T. Pursimo</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Djupvik_A/0/1/0/all/0/1">A. A. Djupvik</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Mahadevan_S/0/1/0/all/0/1">S. Mahadevan</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Kjeldsen_H/0/1/0/all/0/1">H. Kjeldsen</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Freudenthal_J/0/1/0/all/0/1">J. Freudenthal</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Dreizler_S/0/1/0/all/0/1">S. Dreizler</a>

We present the characterization of two engineered diffusers mounted on the
2.5 meter Nordic Optical Telescope, located at Roque de Los Muchachos, Spain.
To assess the reliability and the efficiency of the diffusers, we carried out
several test observations of two photometric standard stars, along with
observations of one primary transit observation of TrES-3b in the red (R-band),
one of CoRoT-1b in the blue (B-band), and three secondary eclipses of WASP-12b
in V-band. The achieved photometric precision is in all cases within the
sub-millimagnitude level for exposures between 25 and 180 seconds. Along a
detailed analysis of the functionality of the diffusers, we add a new transit
depth measurement in the blue (B-band) to the already observed transmission
spectrum of CoRoT-1b, disfavouring a Rayleigh slope. We also report variability
of the eclipse depth of WASP-12b in the V-band. For the WASP-12b secondary
eclipses, we observe a secondary-depth deviation of about 5-sigma, and a
difference of 6-sigma and 2.5-sigma when compared to the values reported by
other authors in similar wavelength range determined from Hubble Space
Telescope data. We further speculate about the potential physical processes or
causes responsible for this observed variability

We present the characterization of two engineered diffusers mounted on the
2.5 meter Nordic Optical Telescope, located at Roque de Los Muchachos, Spain.
To assess the reliability and the efficiency of the diffusers, we carried out
several test observations of two photometric standard stars, along with
observations of one primary transit observation of TrES-3b in the red (R-band),
one of CoRoT-1b in the blue (B-band), and three secondary eclipses of WASP-12b
in V-band. The achieved photometric precision is in all cases within the
sub-millimagnitude level for exposures between 25 and 180 seconds. Along a
detailed analysis of the functionality of the diffusers, we add a new transit
depth measurement in the blue (B-band) to the already observed transmission
spectrum of CoRoT-1b, disfavouring a Rayleigh slope. We also report variability
of the eclipse depth of WASP-12b in the V-band. For the WASP-12b secondary
eclipses, we observe a secondary-depth deviation of about 5-sigma, and a
difference of 6-sigma and 2.5-sigma when compared to the values reported by
other authors in similar wavelength range determined from Hubble Space
Telescope data. We further speculate about the potential physical processes or
causes responsible for this observed variability

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