Analysis of Helium-Rich White Dwarfs Polluted by Heavy Elements in the Gaia Era. (arXiv:1907.05932v1 [astro-ph.SR])

Analysis of Helium-Rich White Dwarfs Polluted by Heavy Elements in the Gaia Era. (arXiv:1907.05932v1 [astro-ph.SR])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Coutu_S/0/1/0/all/0/1">S. Coutu</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Dufour_P/0/1/0/all/0/1">P. Dufour</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Bergeron_P/0/1/0/all/0/1">P. Bergeron</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Blouin_S/0/1/0/all/0/1">S. Blouin</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Loranger_E/0/1/0/all/0/1">E. Loranger</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Allard_N/0/1/0/all/0/1">N.F. Allard</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Dunlap_B/0/1/0/all/0/1">B.H Dunlap</a>

We present a homogeneous analysis of 1023 DBZ/DZ(A) and 319 DQ white dwarf
stars taken from the Montreal White Dwarf Database. This represents a
significant increase over the previous comprehensive studies on these types of
objects. We use new trigonometric parallax measurements from the Gaia second
data release, together with photometry from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey,
Pan-STARRS, Gaia, or BVRI from the literature, which allow the determination of
the mass for the majority of the objects in our sample. We use the photometric
and spectroscopic techniques with the most recent model atmospheres available,
which include high-density effects, to accurately determine the effective
temperature, surface gravity, and heavy element abundances for each object. We
study the abundance of hydrogen in DBZ/DZ white dwarfs and the properties of
the accreted planetesimals. We explore the nature of the second sequence of DQ
stars using proper motions from Gaia, and highlight evidence of crystallization
in massive DQ stars. We also present mass distributions for both spectral
types. Finally, we discuss the implications of our findings in the context of
the spectral evolution of white dwarfs, and provide the atmospheric parameters
for each star.

We present a homogeneous analysis of 1023 DBZ/DZ(A) and 319 DQ white dwarf
stars taken from the Montreal White Dwarf Database. This represents a
significant increase over the previous comprehensive studies on these types of
objects. We use new trigonometric parallax measurements from the Gaia second
data release, together with photometry from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey,
Pan-STARRS, Gaia, or BVRI from the literature, which allow the determination of
the mass for the majority of the objects in our sample. We use the photometric
and spectroscopic techniques with the most recent model atmospheres available,
which include high-density effects, to accurately determine the effective
temperature, surface gravity, and heavy element abundances for each object. We
study the abundance of hydrogen in DBZ/DZ white dwarfs and the properties of
the accreted planetesimals. We explore the nature of the second sequence of DQ
stars using proper motions from Gaia, and highlight evidence of crystallization
in massive DQ stars. We also present mass distributions for both spectral
types. Finally, we discuss the implications of our findings in the context of
the spectral evolution of white dwarfs, and provide the atmospheric parameters
for each star.

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