A year-long plateau in the late-time near-infrared light curves of Type Ia supernovae. (arXiv:1910.03614v1 [astro-ph.HE])

A year-long plateau in the late-time near-infrared light curves of Type Ia supernovae. (arXiv:1910.03614v1 [astro-ph.HE])
<a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Graur_O/0/1/0/all/0/1">Or Graur</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Maguire_K/0/1/0/all/0/1">Kate Maguire</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Ryan_R/0/1/0/all/0/1">Russell Ryan</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Nicholl_M/0/1/0/all/0/1">Matt Nicholl</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Avelino_A/0/1/0/all/0/1">Arturo Avelino</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Riess_A/0/1/0/all/0/1">Adam G. Riess</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Shingles_L/0/1/0/all/0/1">Luke Shingles</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Seitenzahl_I/0/1/0/all/0/1">Ivo R. Seitenzahl</a>, <a href="http://arxiv.org/find/astro-ph/1/au:+Fisher_R/0/1/0/all/0/1">Robert Fisher</a>

The light curves of Type Ia supernovae are routinely used to constrain
cosmology models. Driven by radioactive decay of 56Ni, the light curves
steadily decline over time, but >150 days past explosion, the near-infrared
portion is poorly characterized. We report a year-long plateau in the
near-infrared light curve at 150-500 days, followed by a second decline phase
accompanied by a possible appearance of [Fe I] emission lines. This
near-infrared plateau contrasts sharply with Type IIP plateaus and requires a
new physical mechanism. We suggest a such as masking of the “near-infrared
catastrophe,” a predicted yet unobserved sharp light-curve decline, by
scattering of ultraviolet photons to longer wavelengths. The transition off the
plateau could be due to a change in the dominant ionization state of the
supernova ejecta. Our results shed new light on the complex radiative transfer
processes that take place in Type Ia supernovae and enhance their use as
“standard candles.”

The light curves of Type Ia supernovae are routinely used to constrain
cosmology models. Driven by radioactive decay of 56Ni, the light curves
steadily decline over time, but >150 days past explosion, the near-infrared
portion is poorly characterized. We report a year-long plateau in the
near-infrared light curve at 150-500 days, followed by a second decline phase
accompanied by a possible appearance of [Fe I] emission lines. This
near-infrared plateau contrasts sharply with Type IIP plateaus and requires a
new physical mechanism. We suggest a such as masking of the “near-infrared
catastrophe,” a predicted yet unobserved sharp light-curve decline, by
scattering of ultraviolet photons to longer wavelengths. The transition off the
plateau could be due to a change in the dominant ionization state of the
supernova ejecta. Our results shed new light on the complex radiative transfer
processes that take place in Type Ia supernovae and enhance their use as
“standard candles.”

http://arxiv.org/icons/sfx.gif

Comments are closed.